There is a huge hype over Prime Minister Modi’s UNSC push when he speaks at UNGA in a few days. The UN General Assembly recently adopted a resolution to initiate talks for reforms in UNSC for greater participation of emerging powers ( read G-4). Everyone is hailing this as a diplomatic win for India. Yes it is in a way. But the road ahead is not as rosy as it appears. There are several hurdles in India’s way to UNSC.
1. China- The fact that Sino-Indian relations are not going through best of times is a well known one. From confrontations at the LAC to diplomatic leg pulling, the relations have seen all. Even in the recent vote to take up UNSC reforms, China voted against India. Any reform of the Security Council would require the agreement of at least two-thirds of UN member states, and that of all the permanent members of the UNSC enjoying the veto right. China is one of the five.So India cannot go forward without China.
2.Question of how to expand- The question of expansion itself has to be settled first. There are two options on the table. India and its G-4 allies support option A which provides for the addition of six permanent and three non-permanent members to the existing 15. But their opponents like Pakistan, Italy and South Korea-who form the coffee club-are pitching for option B that has six members on a non-permanent basis.
3. The G4 diplomacy- There are many countries which support Indian bid but dislike one or the other G4 nation. This too may hamper India’s chances.
All in all there are many hurdles in front of India in its bid for a permanent seat in the UNSC. How PM Modi handles it remains to be seen.